Characteristics and description of zekura potatoes


Zekura potatoes were introduced in 1997. State Register of Breeding Achievements of Russia. It is advised to plant in the Central Black Earth Region. The region includes: Belgorod, Voronezh, Kursk, Lipetsk, Tambov regions. The variety was bred by German breeders, but it grows in the regions of Russia, Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine. It is unpretentious, it is planted even in Siberia with its harsh winters and in Kazakhstan, a region with an arid climate. This is a table variety.

Characteristics of the variety

Tuber crops have yellowish flesh, it has a small starch content - 13-19%. According to the characteristics, this is a mid-early variety. The fruits are formed 90-100 days after landing sprouted potatoes.

In the south, potatoes are dug up a week earlier. Tubers taste great... If you cook them for a long time, then they boil a little, so they make mashed potatoes from them, and also add them to soups.

If you plant potatoes on fertile land and take care of them, you can harvest up to 320 centners per hectare.

Description

The bushes are erect, medium in height, up to 30-35 cm, and the flowers are purple-red. The base of the stems is the same shade. The bush has little spreading. The leaves are dark green.

The fruits are large, their average weight 120 gThey are oblong with a creamy yellow rind. Fruits, larger and smaller in size, are rarely formed. They taste great. Also, tubers rarely turn green. The eyes are small. According to the description, on one bush it can grow up to 15 tubers.

Zecura's advantages:

  • Lovely disease resistance.
  • The variety can be stored in a dark and cool room for 4-6 months.
  • The variety gives high yields.
  • The potatoes taste great.

How to grow potatoes

Features of disembarkation and care

Find a place that has a lot of sunlight. This variety does not need to be watered, as it is unpretentious and drought-resistant. Tubers can not be planted in the same area for two years in a row.

How to store and prepare a variety for planting

First, the storage is disinfected, dried. The harvested potatoes are sorted leave only healthy potatoes, dry them, clean off the ground. It is better to put tubers in wooden boxes for storage. The air temperature in the room should be + 1 + 2 degrees.

Those tubers that are selected for planting are stored separately, they are examined twice a month, and rotten potatoes are removed. A week before planting, such tubers are placed in a warm and bright room.

Unheated and warmed up by the sun's rays potatoes take root in the same way, so you can not prepare the tubers for planting.

Step-by-step landing procedure

  1. Dig the earth in the fall 30 cm deep.
  2. Turn the layers over, remove the weeds.
  3. Pour in 3 kg of humus and 100 g of ash per 1 m².
  4. Plant tubers from late April to mid-May... Dig holes 8-10 cm deep, which are 35-40 cm apart.
  5. Take tubers for planting the size of a chicken egg. Put 1-2 tubers in the holes, sprouts up. Sprinkle them on top with a little ash.

Basic care requirements

When you see sprouts long 5-10 cmthen pour over the potatoes. Weed ridges and loosen the soil after watering or rains. In early July, spud the bushes, they should by this time grow to a height of 16 cm, this will keep the moisture. After 2 weeks, before blooming the flower buds, spud again.

Dig up bushes and harvest tubers from mid-August to mid-September.

Diseases and pests

Zekura potatoes are immune to a large number of diseases. He is not afraid of diseases such as nematodes, rust, cancer, rhizoctonia, late blight, scab, leaf-rolling virus, black leg, rust.

Since potatoes are resistant to rotting, they are planted even in areas with high humidity. The bushes are affected by the Colorado potato beetle, wireworm, scoop caterpillars, bear.

Folk remedies for the destruction of the Colorado potato beetle - scatter sifted wood ash on the ground, plant calendula in the aisles. Plant beans and beans around the perimeter of the area.

Helps from the Colorado potato beetle, moth caterpillars and other insects a biological product called "Bitoxibacillin":

  1. Dilute the drug with water just before use.
  2. Pour a ten-liter bucket of water into 40-100 g of the preparation and spray the potato tops.
  3. Pour in water gradually, stirring thoroughly. The water temperature should be 20 degrees, otherwise the spores that make up the product will germinate.
  4. Pour in skim milk there. Use the prepared suspension only 3 hoursthen it will go bad.

It is better to spray the bushes when flowers form on the tops.

Zekura potatoes are unpretentious in care, they can be planted even in Siberia and Kazakhstan. It is drought tolerant. It is immune to almost all potato diseases. That is, Zekura potatoes are a combination of high taste and nutritional qualities, endurance and ripening speed.


Zekura

General characteristics: mid-early table variety with excellent taste and stable yield. Bred by German breeders for Central Europe, but adapted to other climatic conditions. Unpretentious in cultivation.

Ripening period: 80-95 days.

Marketable tubers weight (grams): 60-150 grams.

The number of tubers in the bush: 17-20.

Consumer qualities: excellent taste, medium digestibility, suitable for both mashed potatoes and soups.

Keeping quality (storage capacity): 98%.

Preferred growing regions (RF): Volgo-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, North Caucasian, Middle Volga, West Siberian, Far East.

Disease resistance: relatively resistant to common scab.

Features of cultivation: reacts well to watering and loosening of moist soil, during the formation of tops, it is important to remove weeds in a timely manner, drought-resistant, suitable for soils with high humidity.


Potato classification

An important criterion by which potato varieties are classified is the ripening period of the fruits, and also the purpose of the vegetable plays an important role.

Classification of different species, taking into account the ripening period of the tuber:

  1. Early - a fruit that ripens in about 40 or 56 days. The period of possible growth and development of the fetus takes from 2.5 to 3 months.
  2. Medium early. Young fruits are formed approximately 2 or 2.5 months after being planted. The growing season is on average from 3 to 3.5 months.
  3. Mid-ripening - fruits of potatoes approximately 2.5-3 months after planting in the soil. The growing season takes 125-140 days.
  4. Late ripening - new tubers form approximately 2.5 months after being planted. The growing season lasts more than six months.

Varieties of tubers according to the purpose:

  • table fruits - fruits with pleasant taste and a pulp structure that does not darken after peeling or damage, as a rule, they are used for food
  • technical - this category includes medium and late types of potatoes, in which starch is from 15 percent, are used in industry, namely, to isolate starch, as well as technical alcohol
  • fodder - these include fruits with a high harvest rate, which contain a lot of protein
  • universal - fruits with an average ripening period, differing in taste and yield, as well as a structure that does not darken after damage, are used for all purposes.

Note: for the manufacture of semi-finished products, for example, crackers, chips, etc., varieties of potatoes are selected that differ in starch content - at least 20%.


Landing rules

For planting Zekura potatoes, fertile sandy loam or loamy soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction (pH from 6.5 to 7.0) is suitable. It is optimal if the site is flat, without drops. The place should be well lit.

They begin to prepare the land in the fall:

  1. The site is cleared.
  2. Dig it to a depth of 35 cm.
  3. Close up of a complex mineral (30–40 g per 1 m 2) or organic (compost, humus - 4–7 kg per 1 m 2) fertilizer.
  4. If the soil is heavy, apply sawdust or coarse sand: 500-700 g per 1 m 2.

Attention! Zekura potatoes are planted on May 10–20.

By this time, the earth will have time to warm up to + 10 ° C, and the probability of return frosts will be minimal. A month before, the tubers are transferred to a lighted room, laid out in several layers on the floor and stored at a temperature of + 12-15 ° C. Periodically, the potatoes can be watered with water for better germination. At the same time, it is not necessary to carry out treatment with fungicides, since the variety is distinguished by good immunity to fungal infections.

The planting algorithm for Zekur potatoes is standard:

  1. In the prepared area, furrows are formed with an interval of 60 cm, orientation "north-south".
  2. Lay 2 tubers in a planting hole 8-10 cm deep.
  3. A distance of 30-50 cm is maintained between the holes.
  4. You can dust the tubers with ash, and then cover with earth.


Advantages and disadvantages of the Zekura potato variety

It has the following advantages:

  • consistently high yield
  • many tubers on one bush
  • neat potatoes one to one
  • the possibility of both manual and mechanized harvesting
  • genetic resistance to many potato diseases
  • long shelf life
  • excellent taste, the possibility of using in a dietary menu
  • short time interval between planting and harvesting
  • the ability to grow in almost any region of the Russian Federation
  • the compactness of the bushes, this facilitates agrotechnical work.

The disadvantages include the need to plant only on nutritious soil, into which organic and mineral fertilizers must be applied. In addition, Zekura, with a lack of moisture, becomes shallow and gives an unimportant harvest, therefore it needs watering.


Breeding history

Zekura was bred in Germany. German scientists-breeders were faced with the task of developing a potato variety that was supposed to produce a large yield of tasty tubers, ripen very quickly, be resistant to diseases and have a long shelf life.

Through long experiments, the Zekura variety was bred. Initially, it was supposed to grow it only for Central Europe, but then it spread to almost all regions of Russia and the CIS.


Testimonials

How was the German Zekur potato perceived in our country? Reviews indicate that our farmers liked it. Also, this variety is in demand in Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine. First of all, gardeners note its high yield, optimal ripening times, endurance, immunity to most diseases and, of course, excellent taste. If potatoes are the second bread, then Zekura can be compared to an expensive sliced ​​loaf made from the highest quality flour.



Previous Article

Description and characteristics of strawberry varieties asia

Next Article

All about Garden No. 3 2012