By: Tonya Barnett, (Author of FRESHCUTKY)
Whether planning a vegetable garden or an ornate flower bed,the process of selecting and purchasing plants can feel like quite the task.Depending upon the size of the planting space, the costs of starting a gardencan add up quickly. Luckily, savvy gardeners can grow a beautiful garden withlittle investment. Learning more about plants that grow from cuttings willreward homeowners for many years to come.
Rooting plants from cuttings is one of the easiest ways to propagate, or make more,plants for the garden. The propagation process can be used for both woody andherbaceous plants; however, the procedure will vary somewhat depending upontype.
Before choosing plants for cutting propagation, it willfirst be important to do some research. While a number of plants can bemultiplied in this way, this method will not work with every plant species.
In taking cuttings, propagation plants abound. While mostpeople immediately think of rooting plants from cuttings of ornamental flowers,some herbs and vegetables can also be easily rooted. Since plants that growfrom cuttings will be identical to the parent plant, this technique isespecially helpful for seeds that are difficult to germinate or varieties thatare rare or hard to find.
Keep in mind that although this method of propagation willhelp increase the number of plants in the garden, it is important to rememberthat some plant varieties are patented.These varieties should never be propagated, unless the grower has specialauthorization from the patent holder to do so. Choosing heirloom varieties ofplants will help to avoid issues involving patents.
Of course, an entire list of plants suitable for cuttingswould be difficult, so here are some of the more common types for those juststarting out:
Many herbs can be easily rooted by cuttings, such as:
Some types of vegetables can be rooted through cuttings or even regrown in water:
Common flowering garden plants can be started via cuttings,such as:
Many houseplants can be propagated through cuttings. Here are some popular ones to try:
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Make sure you cut from a healthy parent plant.
Arguably the most popular way to propagate plants is by cutting leaves or stems from an existing plant. “The cutting method is the most preferred by homeowners as it's simple and easy,” says Gena Lorainne, gardening expert at Fantastic Services.
This method entails cutting snippets from old plants and letting them grow in water until their roots have started to sprout. Once they’ve established some roots, they’ll be ready to pot as a brand new plant.
Moringa is easily propagated by stem cuttings.
Producing plants from cuttings is a means of clonal propagation. This means that the new plant will have the exact same traits than that of the mother plant it was taken from. This enables the farmer to select specific mother plants with desirable traits. These traits could include, growth rate, growth form, yield expectations and size of leaves and fruit pods. Plants produced from seed, would show much more variation of traits within a population of plants.
In general, the production of plants from cuttings eliminates the juvenile phase. The juvenile phase is the period in a plants development, where the plant is too young to produce flowers or seeds. Although moringa has a very short juvenile phase, we have found that plants produced from cuttings reach full production much faster, than plants produced from seed, with subsequent economic advantages.
The advantages for establishing a moringa orchard from cuttings include:
Moringa plants can be produced from cuttings stuck straight into the field or from container stuck cuttings. Let's look at each of these more closely.
Cuttings must only be considered under perfect growing conditions, in ideal growing regions, or with the addition of irrigation under hot dry conditions or sub-optimal conditions. Due to this fact, field stuck cuttings might have a lower take rate compared to container stuck plants.
Cuttings must be taken during the active growing season from healthy mother plants. Cuttings can be 30- 50cm long with a stem diameter of at least 3- 5 cm. The cuttings are stuck straight into prepared fields and kept moist, untill roots and leaves appear.
In general, these cuttings are smaller and have a better take rate compared to field stuck cuttings. Take cuttings from active growing mother plants. Keep the plant material turgent at all times. Cuttings should have a diameter in excess of 1 cm and the cuttings should be between 20- 30 cm long.
Cuttings should be stuck in a good cutting mix. The mix we use consists of 40% coir, 40 % peat and 20 % vermiculite. Sand can be added to the mix to improve drainage as Moringa loves good drainage. The pot size or container to be used depends on the volume of production, and the available space for rooting the plants. We score the bottom of our cuttings and apply a rooting hormone.
After sticking, wet the pots well and place in a shaded high light area, or in a greenhouse and keep the pots moist untill cuttings are rooted. Within a couple of weeks you should have rooted plants. Remember to harden off your rooted plants before field planting.
What is the easiest propagation method for houseplants?
Separation might be the simplest propagation method. Keep in mind that this method is not applicable for all houseplants, though. It can only be used for plants that produce offsets around the mother plant. In this case, these offsets can be easily separated from the parent plant and be potted on their own. While there are many plants that can be separated in this way, two popular houseplants that can be multiplied like this are Spider plants (Chlorophytum comosum) and Strawberry Begonias (Saxifraga stolonifera).
How often do you need to change the water when propagating houseplants in water?
In most cases, changing the water once a week is sufficient. If you do change the water more often, it’s certainly not a problem either, though.
Are Ficus Elastica easy to propagate?
It is not exactly easy to propagate Ficus Elastica. However, the main problem is not that the process itself is very difficult but rather that the propagation method itself is not that well-known (Air Layering). That said, propagating Ficus Elastica is still not that difficult. Watch a couple of videos on Air Layering on Youtube and you are good to go!
How long does it take to propagate houseplants?
This depends heavily on the actual houseplant that you are propagating and also on the propagation method you choose. When propagating from seeds, it typically takes about 2 to 4 weeks for them to sprout. If you are rooting cuttings in water, it can take anything from 2 weeks up to 4+ weeks until rooting occurs. When using the propagation technique “Air Layering”, which can be used for woody plants, such as Fiddle-leaf figs and Ficus Elastica, it can take anywhere from 3 to 7 weeks for roots to form.
Is a rooting hormone necessary when propagating through stem cuttings?
Some houseplants are very easily propagated through stem cuttings. While a rooting hormone is in many cases not a must, it can definitely speed up the rooting process and it increases the chances of successful propagation.
Which houseplants can be propagated by leaf cuttings?
African violets, Episcias, Hoyas, Rex Begonias and Snake plants can all be propagated by leaf cuttings.
Marcel runs the place around here. He has a deep passion for houseplants & gardening and is constantly on the lookout for yet another special plant to add to his arsenal of houseplants, succulents & cacti.
Marcel is also the founder of Iseli International Commerce, a sole proprietorship company that publishes a variety of websites and online magazines.