The bright red lanterns of De Barao tomatoes herald the arrival of autumn. Leaves turn red on trees, tomatoes ripen on tall bushes. I want the warm weather to last as long as possible - not all the fruits are ripe yet. However, what a misfortune, these tomatoes with a secret, can then reach. De Barao is a strange name and delicious tomatoes.
De Barao tomatoes came to Russia from Brazil at the end of the twentieth century and immediately found fans. In a short time, the De Barao varieties were registered in the State Register: gold, orange, pink, black. They differ not only in color: the nuances of taste, the structure of the pulp and the content of carotene give room for imagination to summer residents, because these varieties of tomato retain De Barao's main advantage - unpretentiousness.
De Barao tomatoes are recommended for cultivation in summer cottages, personal subsidiary farms and farms. Bushes are planted in open ground, but when cultivated under film shelters or in greenhouses, yields are higher. Bushes need to be tied to a support, since De Barao tomatoes are indeterminate plants.
Tomatoes of indeterminate varieties do not stop growing, and they are capable of blooming and bearing fruit until cold weather. Determine (lat.) - to define.
The height of plants is on average two meters, under favorable conditions it reaches three. The leaf is large. The first inflorescences, like all indeterminate tomato varieties, appear above 9–11 leaves. Subsequently, flowers are laid every three leaves. An interesting feature of the peduncle is the presence of articulation.
Tall bushes of De Barao give a harmonious harvest of small egg-shaped fruits
Fruits are ovoid, green when immature, darker in color at the stem. Ripe De Barao tomatoes are red. The peel of the fruit is quite dense, due to which the tomatoes are well transported and stored. The pulp is red, dense, contains two seed chambers. The taste is great. De Barao's late fruits absorb the fullness of aromas and the heat of summer. The sugar content is slightly less than three percent. Average weight - 30 g. It is recommended to use fresh tomatoes, puree, pickling and pickling. Due to their small size, the fruits are used for canning in their own juice.
The variety is late ripening. Bushes need pinching. With proper care and proper formation of the bush, five to six kilograms of tomatoes are harvested from one square meter. De Barao tomatoes grow well with a lack of light and are undemanding to the composition of the soil, therefore they are grown throughout Russia. Another feature of the variety is a certain resistance to late blight and other diseases of tomatoes.
To obtain a rich harvest, all the nuances of cultivation are important from the moment of receiving seedlings to the timing of planting in the ground, the formation of a bush and determining the irrigation regime.
Depending on where the tomatoes will grow, they choose the time for sowing. Usually, seeds are sown for greenhouses in late February or early March; for open ground, seedlings are sown at the end of March. It takes 1.5–2 months to get healthy, robust seedlings. Important conditions for this:
Without good lighting, the seedlings stretch out, with a lack of heat, the seedlings die. At a daytime temperature of 23-25 aboutFrom and night 19-21 aboutSeedlings grow best of all. Without top dressing, strong sprouts with stable immunity do not form, the plants get sick, therefore, the soil for seedlings is chosen nutritious, balanced in mineral composition. There is nothing to say about watering, once you forget to water, the results will appear before your eyes. Growing seedlings consists of several stages:
The seeds are kept in a solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes
Cover the seedling cups with foil or glass to reduce moisture evaporation.
For planting in closed ground, the first half of May is suitable, when it is already warm enough during the day, and the seedlings will be protected from night temperature drops. Actions when planting seedlings in a greenhouse:
If the height of tomato seedlings is up to 40 cm, they are planted in the holes directly, but if the seedlings have outgrown, then it is better to plant them obliquely, at an angle of about 40-45⁰
The stems of De Barao tomatoes are tied to a high support
There are also special ways of growing seedlings.
De Barao tomatoes are planted in open ground two to three weeks later: in late May or early June, when the threat of return frosts passes. Reinforcing bars are often used as support. They are durable, last long and do not take up much space after harvesting. Immediately after planting, the sprouts are tied to a support. Plant spacing and planting depth are similar to greenhouse planting.
Seedlings are planted on a sunny, windless day. If the nights are cool, the seedlings are covered under arches. Only in this case, first, the tomatoes are tied to the planting pegs so that they do not interfere with covering the plants, and then, as constant warm weather sets in, the arcs are removed and the main supports are fixed. The formation of bushes is the same: stepchildren are removed, leaving two shoots.
Tomatoes should be watered with warm water once a week, 5–7 liters per bush. It is advisable that the water does not fall on the leaves. Many gardeners have already mastered drip irrigation. This saves water, moreover, as it enters the plant, it warms up well. Favorably affect the bushes feeding with infusion of nettle or any other weeds. From the end of August, watering plants in open ground is stopped, all remaining flowers and small ovaries are removed so that the remaining fruits have time to ripen. De Barao does not leave the owners without a crop: if you pick tomatoes green or brown, they will still turn red at home.
Fragrant herbs or flowers are planted together with the planting of tomatoes. They decorate the beds, at the same time scaring away pests with a pungent smell.
Tomato variety De Barao is not very sensitive to late blight. The experience of gardeners shows that even if the leaves are affected by late blight, the fruits can ripen without damage. For the prevention of late blight, Fitosporin or Alirin B solutions are used.
Experienced gardeners love to shake tomato bushes. At the same time, fruit setting is improved, dew or condensation is shaken off from the leaves in greenhouses, and therefore the risk of late blight is less.
Tomatoes were called the apple of the Moors, the golden apple or the apple of love. They have been growing in Europe since the discovery of America, delighting in shape, aroma, fruit color and delicious taste.
In this article we will tell you about the De Barao giant tomato variety, the characteristics of which do not always coincide with the promises of manufacturers.
Varieties and hybrids belonging to the De Barao group of tomatoes are extremely demanded by Russian summer residents. Despite the rather late ripening of fruits, these plants have such a set of positive qualities that most vegetable growers are happy to grow them on their plots. Not surprisingly, seed sellers are very interested in the De Barao line. This is both good and bad. On the one hand, the list of related varieties officially registered in the State Register is regularly updated to the delight of gardeners. On the other hand, the seeds of the next "novelties" appear on the market every year, the declared properties of which look extremely attractive, but the real quality has not been confirmed by anything.
Tomatoes of this variety have an elongated plum-like shape (sometimes, with a sharp "nose")
We give the distinctive features of the variety in the following table:
|Ripening terms||Medium or mid-late|
|The period from germination to fruiting||120-128 days|
|Duration of fruiting||Stretched|
|Marketable yield||Up to 5-6 kg per plant|
|Number of fruits per cluster||4-6|
|Fruit weight||Average 70-190 g|
|The form||Plum-shaped, sometimes with a sharp "nose"|
|Coloring of ripe fruits||Bright red, with orange-yellow spots in the area of the peduncle|
|Pulp||Dense, juicy, fleshy, with few seeds|
|Transportability and keeping quality||High|
|Plant type||Indeterminate, tall (up to 200 cm)|
|Activity of the formation of side shoots||High|
|Growing features||Bushes need a tie of shoots and active pinching during the entire growing season|
|Disease resistance||The variety is slightly affected by fungal and bacterial diseases of the culture (according to advertising descriptions)|
|Recommended growing regions||In open or protected ground (depending on the climatic conditions of the region)|
|Registration in the Federal State Budgetary Institution "State Sort Commission"||Turned off|
Medium late (the period from germination to ripening 117-125 days), indeterminate, tall, carpal tomato variety. In the middle lane, it is recommended to grow it in a greenhouse.
The bush is medium-leafy, higher than 2 meters, with long internodes. The leaf is ordinary, medium-sized, dark green. The inflorescence is simple, the structure is compact. The first inflorescence is laid above 9-11 leaves, the subsequent ones - every 3 leaves.
The manufacturer recommends forming the plant into 1 stem, removing all lateral shoots (stepchildren).
Fruits are plum-shaped, smooth, at the stage of ripeness, rich pink color, weighing 50-70 grams, excellent tomato flavor. Not prone to cracking. These tomatoes are versatile in purpose - good for both whole-fruit canning and fresh consumption.
The variety is resistant to the main diseases of tomato. In 1998 he was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in the Russian Federation for garden plots, household and small farms.
De Barao varieties are known to many, the variety is willingly grown in the south, in the middle lane, beyond the Urals. The indeterminate tomato has the following benefits:
The excellent productivity of the variety allows you to plant 2-3 bushes in the greenhouse and take off a high yield at the end of the season. The main thing is to take into account all the features of agricultural technology for tall tomatoes and provide full care.
Now you know all the advantages and disadvantages of the tomato variety, and it seems that the list of "pluses" will still outweigh the "minuses".
Agrotechnology of De Barao tomatoes differs slightly from the cultivation of other varieties. For seedlings, tomato seeds are sown in early spring. As soon as several leaves appear on the bushes, the seedlings should be dived.
Usually, seedlings are planted in the first half of May. It is then that the earth warms up enough, and the risk of night frosts decreases. Seedlings should be planted in open ground. Disembarkation is best done on a cloudy day. In extreme cases, you can do this in the late afternoon.
Since this variety is very high, the distance between the bushes should be at least 90 cm, and the row spacing should be left wide, within 120 cm.
Seedlings strengthen within two weeks, only after that they begin to grow rapidly. It is at this time that tomatoes should be fed with special fertilizers, to which superphosphates are added.
De Barao pink tomatoes branch very strongly, so they must be cut off, leaving only the 2 most powerful stems.
The root system of these tomatoes is well developed, actively growing and requires abundant watering. This fact must be foreseen in advance, since several buckets of water are used for one bush.
Sometimes the lower leaves of De Barao pink also require processing. This is necessary in order to improve their ventilation. You also need to pluck yellow or spoiled leaves.
Not all tomatoes are suitable for canning. If harvesting for the winter is planned, it is recommended to carefully consider the selection of seeds. Primary requirements:
In terms of its parameters, a "newbie" tomato is an ideal choice for canning, but not the only one. The comparative table contains descriptions and main characteristics of tomatoes, intended, like the "beginner", mainly for conservation.
|Name||Category, type||Height (cm)||Ripening terms||Fruit characteristics|
|Sanka||Variety, determinant||60-70||Early ripe||Rounded, very dense, weighing 80-100 g. Color - red|
|Caspar F1||Hybrid, determinant||80-100||Early ripe (90-95 days)||Pepper-shaped, with a "spout", dense. Great taste. The color is bright red. Weight - 110-140 g|
|Fun||Variety, determinant||60-70||Early ripe||In the form of an ellipse (length up to 14 cm), with a bifurcation at the top. Color - bright red, weight - 110-150 g|
|Rio grande||55-65||Mid-season||Oval, plum-shaped, weighing 100-110 g, color - pinkish-red|
|Scarlet candles||Variety, indet||180||Mid-season||Elongated, with a "nose", dense. Glossy skin, weight - 90-100 g|
|Yesenia F1||Hybrid, determinant||60-70||Ultra early||Rounded, dense, dark red. Weigh 120-140 g|
|Baskak||Variety, determinant||80-100||Mid-early||Ovate, slightly ribbed. The color is red. Weight - 60-90 g|
|Zlatozar F1||Hybrid, determinant||50-60||Ultra early (80-85 days)||Rounded, orange in color, weighing 80-100 g|
|Ramsay F1||Hybrid, indet||Early ripe||Rounded, bright red. Weight - 120-140 g|
|Lady fingers||Variety, determinant||60-70||Early ripe||Cylindrical, two-chambered, weighing 50-70 g. Color - deep red|
|Cadet||40-50||Early||Elongated, with glossy skin, red. Weight - 50-60 g|
|De barao (red)||Hybrid F1, indet||200-250||Mid late||Plum-shaped, dense, bright red. Weight - 80-90 g|